30th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations

The United States established diplomatic relations with Azerbaijan in 1992, at the time of its independence.  Secretary of State Baker visited Azerbaijan on February 12, 1992.  President George H.W. Bush announced the decision in a press statement on February 19, 1992.  The U.S. Embassy in Baku was opened on March 16, 1992, with Robert Finn as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim.

Together, our countries work to promote European energy security, expand bilateral trade and investment, and combat terrorism and transnational threats.  The United States is committed to strengthening democracy and promoting economic diversification in Azerbaijan.  The United States strongly supports efforts to pursue a lasting and sustainable political solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict including through the OSCE Minsk Group and promotes regional stability, peace, and prosperity.

As we mark the 30th anniversary of Azerbaijan’s diplomatic relations with the U.S. and Azerbaijan’s independence from the Soviet Union, there is no greater supporter of independence and democracy in the South Caucasus than the United States.


“As a friend of Azerbaijan, the United States is ready to help find peace and construct the economic, transportation, and people-to-people connections to help the entire region prosper.”

Ambassador Litzenberger

Key Dates

The United States recognized Azerbaijan’s independence on December 25, 1991, when President George H.W. Bush announced the decision in an address to the nation regarding the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

On February 7, 2007, the United States and Azerbaijan held their first Economic Partnership Committee meeting.

On February 12, 1992 Secretary of State Baker visited Azerbaijan.  He met with Azerbaijani officials and discussed the possible establishment of diplomatic relations.

U.S. President George W. Bush met with President of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev during his working visit to the U.S. President Bush thanked President Aliyev for the use of Azerbaijan’s air space for the military campaign in Afghanistan after the September 11, 2001 attacks.

On March 6, 1992, Azerbaijan opened its embassy in Washington DC.

The U.S. Embassy in Baku was opened on March 16, 1992, with Robert Finn as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim.

On the 26th of February, 2003, the President of the United States of America, George Bush and the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev held a diplomatic meeting in the White House.

From April 23-26,1999, the 50th Anniversary NATO Summit was held in Washington DC. President Heydar Aliyev attended the event and spoke about the situation in the Caucasus region.

In April 2006 President Ilham Aliyev visited Washington and met with various U.S. officials where they discussed a variety of topics, including the development of democracy and cooperation in the Caucasus, energy diversification, and our shared commitment to advancing freedom and security.

U.S. Ambassadors to Azerbaijan
Representative From To Title Appointed by
Robert Finn March 16, 1992 September 15, 1992 Chargé d’affaires ad interim George H. W. Bush
Richard Miles September 16, 1992 November 5, 1993 Ambassador
Richard Kauzlarich April 20, 1994 July 20, 1997 Ambassador Bill Clinton
Stanley T. Escudero December 4, 1997 October 1, 2000 Ambassador
Ross L. Wilson October 11, 2000 April 24, 2003 Ambassador
Reno L. Harnish December 1, 2003 April 24, 2006 Ambassador George W. Bush
Anne E. Derse July 2006 July 4, 2009 Ambassador
Donald Lu July 4, 2009 July 2010 Chargé d’affaires Barack Obama
Matthew Bryza January 10, 2011 January 5, 2012 Ambassador
Richard Morningstar July 20, 2012 2015 Ambassador
Robert Cekuta February 19, 2015 March 31, 2018 Ambassador
William R. Gill April 1, 2018 March 11, 2019 Chargé d’affaires, a.i. Donald Trump
Earle D. Litzenberger March 12, 2019 current Ambassador

Official Visits to the United States

President Date Type of visit
President H.Aliyev 25-30 September 1994 working visit
President H.Aliyev 20-26 October 1995 working visit
President H.Aliyev 27 July- 6 August 1997 official visit
President H.Aliyev 22-27 April 1999 working visit
President H.Aliyev 12-18 February 2000 working visit
President H.Aliyev 4-9 September 2000 working visit
President H.Aliyev 1-13 April 2001 working visit
President H.Aliyev 14-23 February 2003 official visit
President I.Aliyev 25-28 April 2006 official visit
President I.Aliyev 24 September 2010 working visit
President I.Aliyev 2-4 May 2012 working visit
President I.Aliyev 20-21 May 2012 working visit
President I. Aliyev April 1, 2016 official visit
President I.Aliyev September 19, 2017 official visit